From 1 November to 30 November 2016, the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) documented 89 civilian casualties, including 38 deaths and 51 injuries, during the conduct of hostilities across Libya.
Victims included 8 children killed and 16 injured, 27 men killed and 28 injured and 3 women killed and 7 injured.
The majority of civilian deaths were caused by air strikes (12 deaths and 2 injured), while the next leading cause of death was gun shots (11 deaths and 1 injured), followed by shelling (9, 15 injured) and then vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (6 deaths and 33 injured).
UNSMIL documented 18 deaths and 37 injured in Benghazi, 16 deaths and 13 injured in Sabha, 4 deaths in al-Khoms and 1 injured in Tobruk. The civilian casualty figures for Sabha, related to clashes that started on 17 November, are likely to rise as further information is received.
The civilian casualties figures included four members of a family, a father and his adult daughter and two adult sons, who were killed on 26 November in their house in al-Khoms, Their bodies reportedly showed signs of gunshots and burns. It also included the death of 10 men and 2 children killed from airstrikes in Qanfouda, a neighbourhood of Benghazi where civilians are trapped because of fighting between the Libyan National Army (LNA) and the Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council (BRSC).
While no one claimed responsibility for the air strikes, information received indicated that the LNA or their allies carried out the airstrikes that caused civilian casualties in Qanfouda, Benghazi. UNSMIL was unable to determine with certainty which other parties caused civilian casualties in November.
On the evening of 8 November members of an armed group physically attacked medical staff in the Abu Salim hospital. On the same day, unidentified attackers set fire to humanitarian supplies of the Red Crescent in their premises in Sabha.
On 21 November, a car bomb exploded outside of the al-Jalah hospital in Benghazi. The explosion killed 2 men, 2 women and 2 children, and injured 23 others, including 7 children.